If you find holes in your tomatoes, and frass and decay you may have tomato fruitworms. You may still find a caterpillar in them as well.
Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai is a bacterium that has been around since 1901. It is specific to caterpillars and the alkalinity in their gut. Once the consume this endo toxin the caterpillars quit eating and slowly die.
Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki is a bacterium that has been around since 1901. It is specific to caterpillars and the alkalinity in their gut. Once the consume this endo toxin the caterpillars quit eating and slowly die.
Pyrethrins are made from the seed cases the pyrethrum flower, a species of chrysanthemum flower. It is the safest around food.
Azadirachtin has two active ingredients made from the neem tree seeds.
Diatomaceous Earth (Silicon Dioxide) is made from a fossilized hard shell algae. It is ground into a fine powder and it absorbs lipids from the cuticle, the waxy outer layer of insects exoskeletons. This causes the insects to dehydrate and die due to the water pressure deficiency. Be careful not to breathe the dust when using DE, as it is not good to get it in your lungs. It is advised to wear a mask.
Spinosad is made of spinosyns A and D, they are substances that are made by aerobic fermentation. The species that is being fermented is Saccharopolysora spinosa of the actinomycete species. They were found in the Caribbean in soil samples in 1982. They are the filamentous bacteria that are in the soil that give it that sweet earthy smell. Spinosad works by ingestion, activating the nervous system of the insect, causing loss of muscle control. The insect dies of exhaustion because of the continuous activation of motor neurons. This usually happens within one to two days
Garlic Extract uses garlic to repel insects. Some are mixed with hot pepper to even further drive the pests away.
NPV for Helicoverpa zea Heliothus virescens – This is an insect virus that kills larval pests that feed on feed on crops that are stored and on certain other plants as well. The plants or food that is in storage is sprayed with the active ingredient. The virus interferes with several of the larval organs including food absorption in the gut. Larvae will die in a few days. There is no risk to humans, beneficials or the environment.